Root canal therapy
Root canal therapy

What is a root canal?

Root canal therapy is a dental procedure that is performed to save a damaged or infected tooth. The procedure is carried out to remove the infected or damaged tissue within the tooth, which includes the nerve and blood vessels. This is done to prevent further infection and to save the tooth from being extracted.

The root canal procedure is performed under local anesthesia to numb the tooth and surrounding area. A dental dam is placed to isolate the tooth and keep it clean and free of saliva. An opening is made through the top of the tooth, and a series of small instruments are used to remove the damaged tissue. The inside of the tooth is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

Once the tooth is cleaned and disinfected, it is filled with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. This seals the tooth and helps to prevent bacteria from re-entering the tooth. A temporary filling is placed over the opening, and a crown is usually recommended to protect the tooth and restore its function.

The root canal procedure is usually performed over one or two visits, depending on the severity of the damage or infection. After the procedure, you may experience some sensitivity or discomfort in the treated area. This is normal and usually goes away within a few days. Over-the-counter pain medication or prescription pain medication may be used to manage any discomfort.

It’s important to keep the treated tooth clean and to avoid biting or chewing on that side until the crown has been placed. You should also make sure to keep your follow-up appointments with your dentist to monitor the healing process and ensure that the tooth is healing properly.

In conclusion, root canal therapy is a common and effective procedure for saving a damaged or infected tooth. It is a relatively straightforward procedure that can prevent further infection and save the tooth from being extracted. If you have any questions about root canal therapy or if you are experiencing tooth pain or sensitivity, please do not hesitate to contact your dentist.